A group can be defined as an organized system of two or more individuals, who are interactive and interdependant. The group members have common motives, have a set of role relationships amongst its members and have norms i.e. the unwritten rules which regulate the behavior of the group members.
The group performance is dependent on the contribution of the individual members.
Both individual contributions and teamwork matters in order to achieve the set goal.
The leader holds responsibility and is answerable for the work done by the group.
Although there is a leader, the team members hold themselves responsible for the work done by the team.
When we are alone, we feel insecure. However, when we are a member of a group our insecurity decreases. Being with people, give us a sense of comfort and protection. Hence, people feel stronger and less open to threats.
When people are members of a group, they are anticipated to be important by other people. The people’s sense of power and self-esteem increases and they recognized by others.
When members of a group, people establish feelings of self-worth and a positive social identity is also developed. Being a member of a distinguished and reputable group improves one’s self concept.
Groups can satisfy one’s psychological and social requirements such as sense of acceptance and attachment, giving and receiving attention, love and sense of power.
Groups assist the individuals in achieving their goals which are difficult to be achieved individually. There is power in majority.
When we are members of a group, our knowledge and skills improve. The information provided, broadens our mental horizon. As individuals, we may not have all the required information. However, groups fill up this gap and provide us with all the required information and knowledge.
When we are part of a group, it not only provides us with the support and comfort which we need but it also helps in facilitating our growth and development as an individual.