The symptoms of schizophrenia are grouped under 3 main categories-
It is a false belief which is held rigidly on inappropriate grounds. It cannot be affected by rational and meaningful arguments and it has no basis and existence in reality.
People suffering from schizophrenia lose the ability to think logically and they speak in a peculiar manner. Hence, making it extremely difficult to communicate.
Hallucinations are perceptions which occur in the absence of external stimuli. These are frequently experienced by schizophrenics.
These include exhibition of emotions which are unsuitable according to the situation. For instance, in the funeral of a family member, a schizophrenic who is a family friend, is invited. Suddenly in the middle of the funeral, the person starts laughing loudly and in a wild manner. This is exhibition of the wrong emotion at the wrong situation and time. Hence, it is an example of inappropriate affect.
Alogia or poverty of speech refers to a drastic reduction in speech and content of speech.
Individuals suffering from schizophrenia exhibit less anger, sadness, joy and a host of other feelings and emotions than other people. This is known as blunted effect.
People with schizophrenia may experience a condition in which they exhibit no emotions at all. This state is known as flat effect.
People suffering from schizophrenia experience an apathy and an inability to start or complete a course of action. They always feel discouraged and de-motivated. The people withdraw themselves from the soceity and become busy with their own ideas and fantasies.
People with this symptom, remain motionless and silent for long durations of time.
People with this symptom, maintain a rigid and upright posture for hours altogether.
People with this symptom, assume awkward, bizarre and peculiar positions for long stretches of time.
Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. Although, schizophrenia is not as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very disabling.